MENISCUS TEAR AND PHYSICAL THERAPY
Meniscus tear is one of the most common knee injuries. Normally, treatment is opted for by surgery, however, there are conservative treatments with physiotherapy in Dwarka, which speed up recovery times and work on strengthening the patient's joint.
WHAT IS A MENISCUS TEAR?
Meniscus tear is one of the most common knee injuries, especially among athletes. It is caused by a break or tear in the fibrocartilage, which acts as a cushion between the tibia and the femur, known as the meniscus.
The meniscus has a fundamental function in the knee joint, since it helps to distribute the weight in the joint and directly affects its stability.
Causes of a torn meniscus
Depending on the factor that causes the meniscus tear, there are different causes, however, they all have a common factor and, generally, the tear occurs after a sudden movement of the knee.
In the first place, degenerative causes can be differentiated, in this case, the meniscus tear is produced by cartilage wear, which is usually common in patients with degenerative diseases, such as osteoarthritis or osteoporosis. These tears are common in the elderly.
On the other hand, traumatic breaks are differentiated, which are produced by an impact. And, finally, mechanical breaks, which are due to poor posture or arrangement of the joint, which causes it to malfunction. These types of breaks are more common among athletes.
Symptoms of a torn meniscus
The symptoms of a torn meniscus are very characteristic. First of all, it is common for the patient to have pain in the area which, in many cases, is accompanied by inflammation.
In addition, patients tend to present joint immobility and weakness, which prevents them, in many cases, from carrying out normal activities, even walking in some cases.
Treatments for torn meniscus
Once a meniscus tear has been diagnosed, the most common is that the patient is prescribed an anti-inflammatory treatment, with the aim of reducing inflammation and relieving pain.
In some cases, the patient needs to undergo surgery, in which the entire meniscus can be removed, or, in other cases, a torn meniscus is sutured.
PHYSIOTHERAPY TREATMENT FOR TORN MENISCUS
One of the most effective treatments for meniscus tears and fractures is physical therapy, which can be applied at different times. In some cases, the tear is treated primarily with physical therapy in Dwarka, to prevent the patient from undergoing surgery. In the cases in which the patient is intervened, a post-surgery physiotherapy treatment is performed by the physiotherapist in Dwarka to rehabilitate the joint.
Physiotherapy treatment in Janakpuri has numerous benefits, since it strengthens the joint, preventing its chronification, in addition, it contributes to the recovery of mobility and pain relief.
Physical therapy techniques for torn meniscus
Physiotherapy treatment focuses on exercises to regain strength and stability of the joint, with the aim that the patient can regain their usual activities. In addition, physiotherapy treatment tries to avoid sedentary lifestyle, so that the patient does not lose muscle capacity, explains the physiotherapist in Dwarka.
Some of the techniques used in physiotherapy are the release of adhesions from the joint tissues and draining massages for evacuation and reabsorption of the inflammatory fluid.
In addition, in some cases electrostimulation is applied to reduce pain and inflammation. Through patches placed on the patient's joint, electrical impulses are generated, with the aim of restoring the mobility of muscles, ligaments, and tendons, and that the patient recovers muscle tone in a short period of time.
Physiotherapy treatments are recommended, because they work to strengthen the joint and restore mobility. For this, it is important that the physiotherapist in Janakpuri study the patient's case and design a table of exercises adapted to the characteristics of the patient.
Physiotherapy exercises for torn meniscus
As mentioned, physiotherapy in Dwarka prevents the patient from losing muscle tone. It focuses on increasing muscle strength and proprioceptive exercises to work balance, that is, those exercises that stimulate nerve receptors found in the muscles and joints.
In addition, in many cases, gait reeducation is carried out, with the aim of correcting those postures that imply forced positions for the joints and that can cause the patient to relapse into the injury.
BENEFITS OF TREATING A TORN MENISCUS WITH PHYSICAL THERAPY
As explained, physiotherapy treatments in cases of meniscus tear show very good results in patients. In addition, they are as effective as surgery and recovery times are shorter.
In addition, physiotherapy in Delhi focus on strengthening the joint, which ensures that the patient does not lose muscle tone, and can almost fully recover their usual activities.